A New Approach To Reaction and Morale

Steve Winter has this article on a new approach to reaction and morale. Inspired by Zulu War games, he tries to move away from the "in command or routing" conditions of other miniature rules sets.

Making an Aztec Pyramid

Instructions for making a 15mm Aztec Pyramid from David Kuijt. I especially like his solution for making the murals along the sides of the buildings. These are impressive pieces of wargames terrain.

15mm Fences

If you're going to play miniature wargames set in the American Revolution or the American Civil War, you've got to have rail fences in your terrain kit. Bob Bailey and David Glenn offer advice on making 15mm worm fencing in the Terrainmakers' Yahoo Group.


David Glenn:
Here's how I make a lot of good-looking 15 mm split rail (worm/snake)

1. I use boxes of flat toothpicks, making sure to trim off about �" off of the pointed end of the toothpick. (Save these pieces.)

2. For the bases, I use the big tongue depressors. They're about 6 inches long with rounded ends. Craft/popcycle sticks aren't wide enough for the fences. The rounded end is also useful for combining sections at 90 degree and other odd angles leaving little gap between sections.

3. I also make up a few half-sized sections by cutting a few tongue depressors in half, and `rounding' the flat, cut edges. These come in handy for creating gaps and for surrounding those `odd' sized fields and pastures.

4. Take the fence bases, paint the top side and edges with green paint, then sprinkle or dunk them into the proper flocking material. Shake them off, and set aside to let the paint dry.

5. Once dry, you can start to make the fences. I put some glue on a flat surface (a piece of aluminum foil, piece of plastic or scrap cardboard). Using a pair of tweezers, I start laying rails by dipping each end of the rail into the glue and then placing on the base in a zig-zag pattern. Keep making successive layers until you have the proper fence height. (about 3/8" high)

6. Some types of split rail fences have small, vertical rails placed to each side where a `zig' or `zag' is created, crossing just above the top rail. Look at some old pictures to see the type of fence I am talking about. Use the �" long pieces saved from step 1.

7. For variety, I add some ground foam, small rocks along part of the fence base, and add some taller grass at the rail `elbow-shaped' areas, where weeds would have grown. This gives it a more realistic appearance. "Remember, it's the little details that count."

8. Either leave the fences a natural color, or give the wood a light washing with a brown or grayish color paint or stain to simulate aged wood.

I made about 50 feet of fencing in an evening, after all of the rails were trimmed.
Bob Bailey
Take flat toothpicks and cut them in half. Use the flatter half for the fences, laying them atop each other with the contacting ends glued.
I found that about 5 "rails" gave a good height. When dry, I sprayed them a moderate grey, washed them with a grey-black wash, then drybrushed them with a light grey, thus giving a quite good weathering effect.
I used the other halves of the toothpicks as the horizontal rails of post-and-rail fencing, laid between pairs of wood posts attached to bases, again with the contacting ends glued.
The flatter ends work better with the less supported nature of the worm fencing, while the thinner ends are very convincing as the narrower rails of the post-and-rail fencing.

I think I like the idea of the bases with the vegetation "extras" better than my "no-base" approach, although mine can be used at all times of year (I use a brown cloth for early spring and late autumn, a green cloth for warm weather, and a white flannel cloth for winter scenarios).

Sandbags Again

Sandbags are a miniature wargaming terrain essential. Michael Blair has this advice on making them.


This works for 25mm scale and maybe 20mm but would not work for 6mm unless you leave out the bandage. This is not my method, it came from the net or the list but it works well and is the one I use. Beans of chewing gun just does not look right to me, so I have to do it the hard way.
Material Components
Das air drying clay or equivalent
Crepe bandage, width approximately 1"
PVA glue, more or less diluted.

Flat surface (glass is ideal)
Polytheme sheet (optional)
Cling film (possibly)
old paint brush

1. Roll out the Das into a sausage maybe half the diameter of a finger and then roll it onto the
stretched out bandage. You may need to add a little of the diluted PVA to make it stick.

2. Cut the bandage wrapped sausage into sandbag sized lengths. While still wet place them into position,
moulding them over each other and piching the ends closed as best you can. Brush the dilute PVA over
them. You might want to set them on a sheet of plastic to make them easier to lft once they have set. For a
vehicle putting a piece of cling film below them should allow them to set in place and be a good fit
but be removable for painting and so on.

They will take some time to dry but they look wonderful and could be used as masters for making

Warning Order

Warning Order is the official online magazine of the Wasatch Front Historical Gaming Society.